Brachycephaly or flat Head Syndrome

How Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly affect infant’s growth?

When you become a parent for the first time, you come across hundred new things. And most of them are scary. Among those hundred of things, is flat head syndrome or Brachycephaly. With every new or little information comes apprehensions and confusion! This piece is for new parents/new moms to give them an insight about about flat head syndrome and Brachycephaly vs Plagiocephaly . Mostly! it comes naturally to babies yet can cause panic especially for new moms.

To be honest, I still sometimes get scared when I hear anything new related to children.

Newborn babies lie a lot on their back with their head turned one side when they are small. This leads to flat head syndrome. Plagiocephaly and Brachycephaly depict the two main kinds of this condition.

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What is Brachycephaly?

The Brachycephaly  is having a generally broad, short skull (generally with the breadth at least 80% of the length). It can likewise include a slight bulging of the forehead and a broad forehead. The typical treatment for Brachycephaly includes repositioning or an expert orthotic protective cap. For infants with Brachycephaly, the head is additionally regularly higher at the back. The entire back of the head can show up flat, with the absence of any rounding towards the neck. It is a kind of flat head syndrome which can found either in isolation or in combination with Plagiocephaly.

Plagiocephaly

The head is flattened on one side, making it seem like different head sides are not equal. The ears may have an erroneous position. The head looks a flat shape with four sides when seen from a higher place, and once in a while, the forehead and face may swell somewhat on the flat side.

Causes of Brachycephaly

Brachycephaly occurs when the natural development of a baby’s head meets outside pressure, inhibiting growth to that area of the head. During the early stages, a baby skull is still delicate enough to be shaped by these external pressing factors, leading to areas of the skull getting distorted and result in flat head syndrome

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Pressure during rest

Infants are born with a delicate, flexible skull which will, in general, create during the earliest stages. A flattening of the skull can happen if your child tends to rest in one position every evening, hence applying pressure to a similar area of their head. As the flattened area creates, your child may become considerably more familiar with that specific position, enhancing the flattering further. Or on the other hand, their head may usually roll into that position. 

This reason for Brachycephaly is exceptionally usual because of the sleep advice given to guardians. The back to sleep campaign encourages parents to put their children on their back to rest, to help stay away from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).

Regardless of its impact on the prevalence of flat head syndrome, we are genuine promoters of the fruitful Back to Sleep campaign and don’t suggest that parents quit following this advice.

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Tight neck muscles

Tight neck muscles can stop a child from turning their head in a specific direction, putting one side of their head under more pressure. 

Infants born prematurely

Premature children are bound to develop flattened heads because their skulls are softer than full-term infants. Additionally, premature children will, in general, spend more time on their backs without being moved or picked, and they may not yet have the option to move their heads from one side to another. 

Pre-birth forming during birth

A child could be born into the world with a Brachycephaly or Plagiocephaly head shape because of situating in the womb into the birth channel. We frequently see children who have been in the back-to-back position prenatally. 

Hydramnios (Low amniotic liquid level)

When the mother’s amniotic sac doesn’t contain sufficient liquid, there is also less padding in the womb. Furthermore, if there are twins in the womb, this causes ‘jamming’ in the uterus. This pre-birth climate may put pressure on the child’s skull and result in a Brachycephalic head shape.

Prevention

You can avoid flat head syndrome by taking preventive measures against your child developing the condition directly. While you should consistently take care of your child on their back, you can likewise make sure to follow the following to prevent flat head syndrome

plagiocephaly

  1. Change your child’s position as often as possible. Try not to allow her to spend an excessive amount of time on one side. When you’re at home, try to move your child from the swing to the bouncer or floor. Be sure not to allow him to spend a lot of time staying in a place that isn’t his crib.
  2. Give your child time on their stomach during the day – urge them to attempt new positions during playtime, yet ensure they generally rest on their back as this is most secure for them. 
  3. Attempt a child carrier. Using a child carrier that allows your child to look in towards your chest can help take help of the pressure off your child’s head and work on strengthening those neck muscles all simultaneously. 
  4. Switch your child between a sloping seat, a sling, and a level surface – this guarantees there isn’t steady pressure on one part of their head. 
  5. Change the position of toys and mobiles in their bed – this will urge your child to turn their head on to the non-flattened side.
  6. Alternate the side you hold your baby when taking care of and carrying.

When to Get Medical Counsel 

plagiocephaly

Consult with your health doctor if you’re worried about the state of your child’s head or figure they may have issues turning their head. They can analyze your child’s head and recommend things you can do to help. 

A marginally flattened head isn’t generally anything to stress over, yet it’s a smart thought to get guidance from the get-go so you can find ways to stop getting any worse.

Issues for Brachycephaly babies in future

Generally, flat head syndrome is the view as a simple cosmetic condition that doesn’t impact how the child’s brain develops. However, some proof shows that kids with the flat head syndrome have an expanded risk for developmental delays. It’s hard to say for definite as that would necessary for why they have flattened head syndrome in any case; for instance, they may have movement limitations.

How mothers feel and concerned about will their child’s head shape recover to normal?

Mild flattening of the head will generally improve if you use the simple measures, although that it could several months before you begin to see an improvement. Your child’s head may not return to a beautiful shape; however, any flattening will be notified when they’re 1 or 2 years old. The look of your child’s head should improve as they become more mobile and their hair grows.

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Brachycephaly or flat Head Syndrome

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21 thoughts on “How Brachycephaly and Plagiocephaly affect infant’s growth?

  1. I have heard of babies having a flat head from being in one position too long but never knew the official term for it. Great suggestions to attend to the baby. I used a carrier all the time and I agree switching positions is very important!

  2. I feel you! Knowing stuff like this about babies makes me really worried too. I mean there are lot of things that might happen to them and our babies are not even capable of telling us that something is wrong. Thank you for sharing about brachycephaly. Appreciate the tips on how to prevent it.

  3. A very informative read, I was completely unaware of this syndrome. I am sure your writeup will be very helpful to parents whose children suffer from the condition.

  4. It’s so important to learn about such matters. Knowing and understanding this is vital as it can be anyone’s concern some time in the future.

  5. I love that you have taken time out to write this post and raise awareness. Parenting can bring up scary things, but it’s informative posts like this that help educate and ease worry x

  6. It’s so interesting, I’ve had two babies and I never even heard of this condition. Like you said there are so many things that can happen to babies.

    1. I was also unaware of this until I met an old friend who informed me about it. I collated all information that could help parents understand more about the syndrome.

  7. very well delivered post. My cousin had it when he was born but it ended up well for him, he’s a year older than me and lives a full life, no issues whatsoever

  8. It must be worrying for parents that have children with this. I was fortunate that none of my children did.

    1. Anything and everything related to children is worry some for parents. Flat head syndrome is quite common among infants and is not harmful in most cases but parents do worry

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